Download The First Philosophers PDF

The First Philosophers

Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780199539093
Pages : 401 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (39 downloads)

Download The First Philosophers PDF Full Free by Robin Waterfield and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2009-03-26 with total page 401 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: These first philosophers paved the way for the work of Plato and Aristotle - and hence for the whole of Western thought. This is a unique and invaluable collection of the works of the Presocratics and the Sophists. Waterfield brings together the works of these early thinkers with brilliant new translation and exceptional commentary. This is the ideal anthology for the student of this increasingly appreciated field of classical philosophy.


Download The Concept of Presocratic Philosophy PDF

The Concept of Presocratic Philosophy

Author :
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780691191485
Pages : 150 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (914 downloads)

Download The Concept of Presocratic Philosophy PDF Full Free by André Laks and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2019-06-04 with total page 150 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: When we talk about Presocratic philosophy, we are speaking about the origins of Greek philosophy and Western rationality itself. But what exactly does it mean to talk about “Presocratic philosophy” in the first place? How did early Greek thinkers come to be considered collectively as Presocratic philosophers? In this brief book, André Laks provides a history of the influential idea of Presocratic philosophy, tracing its historical and philosophical significance and consequences, from its ancient antecedents to its full crystallization in the modern period and its continuing effects today. Laks examines ancient Greek and Roman views about the birth of philosophy before turning to the eighteenth-century emergence of the term “Presocratics” and the debates about it that spanned the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. He analyzes the intellectual circumstances that led to the idea of Presocratic philosophy—and what was and is at stake in the construction of the notion. The book closes by comparing two models of the history of philosophy—the phenomenological, represented by Hans-Georg Gadamer, and the rationalist, represented by Ernst Cassirer—and their implications for Presocratic philosophy, as well as other categories of philosophical history. Other figures discussed include Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, Diogenes Laertius, Schleiermacher, Hegel, Nietzsche, Max Weber, and J.-P. Vernant. Challenging standard histories of Presocratic philosophy, the book calls for a reconsideration of the conventional story of early Greek philosophy and Western rationality.


Download A Presocratics Reader (Second Edition) PDF

A Presocratics Reader (Second Edition)

Author :
Publisher : Hackett Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781603846080
Pages : 203 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (46 downloads)

Download A Presocratics Reader (Second Edition) PDF Full Free by Patricia Curd and published by Hackett Publishing. This book was released on 2011-03-11 with total page 203 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Building on the virtues that made the first edition of "A Presocratics Reader" -- the most widely used sourcebook for the study of the Presocratics and Sophists -- this second edition offers even more value and a wider selection of fragments from these philosophical predecessors and contemporaries of Socrates. With revised introductions, annotations, suggestions for further reading, and more, the second edition draws on the wealth of new scholarship published on these fascinating thinkers over the past decade or more, a remarkably rich period in Presocratic studies. At the volume's core, as ever, are the fragments themselves but now in thoroughly revised and, in some cases, new translations.


Download Introducing Greek Philosophy PDF

Introducing Greek Philosophy

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781317492474
Pages : 240 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (924 downloads)

Download Introducing Greek Philosophy PDF Full Free by Rosemary Wright and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2014-12-05 with total page 240 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Aimed at students of classics and of philosophy who would like a taste of the subject before being committed to a full course and at those who have already started and need to find their bearings in what may seem at first a complex maze of names and schools, "Introducing Greek Philosophy" is a concise, lively, philosophically aware introduction to ancient Greek philosophy. The book begins with the Milesians in Asia Minor before moving over to the developments in the western Greek world, then focusing on Socrates, Plato and Aristotle in Athens, finishing with the Hellenistic schools and their arrival in Rome, where the main ideas are set out in the Latin poetry of Lucretius and the prose of Cicero.The book eschews the method of most histories of ancient philosophy of addressing one thinker after another through the centuries. Instead, after a basic mapping of the territory, it takes the great themes that the Greeks were engaged in from the earliest times, and looks at them individually, their development in argument and counter-argument, from the beginnings of recorded Greek history, through the various upheavals of tyrannies, democracies, oligarchies and kingships, to their introduction into Rome in the first century BC.


Download Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy PDF

Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

Author :
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780191609992
Pages : 442 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (99 downloads)

Download Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy PDF Full Free by John Palmer and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2009-10-29 with total page 442 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: John Palmer develops and defends a modal interpretation of Parmenides, according to which he was the first philosopher to distinguish in a rigorous manner the fundamental modalities of necessary being, necessary non-being or impossibility, and non-necessary or contingent being. This book accordingly reconsiders his place in the historical development of Presocratic philosophy in light of this new interpretation. Careful treatment of Parmenides' specification of the ways of inquiry that define his metaphysical and epistemological outlook paves the way for detailed analyses of his arguments demonstrating the temporal and spatial attributes of what is and cannot not be. Since the existence of this necessary being does not preclude the existence of other entities that are but need not be, Parmenides' cosmology can straightforwardly be taken as his account of the origin and operation of the world's mutable entities. Later chapters reassess the major Presocratics' relation to Parmenides in light of the modal interpretation, focusing particularly on Zeno, Melissus, Anaxagoras, and Empedocles. In the end, Parmenides' distinction among the principal modes of being, and his arguments regarding what what must be must be like, simply in virtue of its mode of being, entitle him to be seen as the founder of metaphysics or ontology as a domain of inquiry distinct from natural philosophy and theology. An appendix presents a Greek text of the fragments of Parmenides' poem with English translation and textual notes.


Download Introduction to Presocratics PDF

Introduction to Presocratics

Author :
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780470655030
Pages : 178 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (55 downloads)

Download Introduction to Presocratics PDF Full Free by Giannis Stamatellos and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2012-04-17 with total page 178 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: INTRODUCTION TO PRESOCRATICS “The general public and scholars alike will find Introduction to Presocratics stimulating, engaging and exceptionally useful. Stamatellos’ intriguing and illuminating theme-based approach to this subject and his inclusion of a fresh translation of all the major fragments make this book a ‘must have’ for anyone interested in Presocratic philosophy.” Robert D. Luginbill, University of Louisville “An excellent introduction to early Greek philosophy – full of information, yet eminently readable and clearly organised. The thematic treatment brings new perspectives and fresh philosophical insights.” Andrew Smith, University College Dublin “Surveying the key surviving texts theme by theme sooner than man by man, Stamatellos offers the beginner clear and comprehensive insight into the compelling inquiries of the early Greek thinkers.” Susan Prince, University of Cincinnati “Giannis Stamatellos’ book is a very elegant and finely structured introduction to the fascinating beginnings of Western thought. He has succeeded in making a rather difficult and complex topic extremely accessible and stimulating.” Mark Beck, University of South Carolina Despite what is commonly taught, Western philosophy did not begin with Socrates. The roots of Western philosophy and science, in fact, run much deeper than this watershed philosophical figure – to a series of innovative Greek thinkers of the 6th and 5th century BCE. Introduction to Presocratics presents a succinct overview of early Greek thought by following a thematic exposition of the topics and enquiries explored by the first philosophers of the Western tradition. Ionian figures such as Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Xenophanes, Heraclitus, and Pythagoras are covered; Eleatics such as Parmenides and Zeno; and Pluralists or Neo-Ionians such as Empedocles, Anaxagoras, and Democritus. Key areas of Presocratic philosophy are addressed, including principles, cosmos, being, soul, knowledge, and ethics. A brief account of the legacy and reception of the Presocratics in later philosophical traditions is also included. Also featured is an original translation of the main Presocratic fragments by renowned classics professor Rosemary Wright. Introduction to Presocratics offers illuminating insights into the true pioneers of philosophical thought in the Western tradition.


Download The Presocratic Philosophers PDF

The Presocratic Philosophers

Author :
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0521274559
Pages : 368 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (212 downloads)

Download The Presocratic Philosophers PDF Full Free by G. S. Kirk and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 1983-12-29 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book traces the intellectual revolution initiated by Thales in the sixth century BC to its culmination in the metaphysics of Parmenides.


Download Routledge Companion to Ancient Philosophy PDF

Routledge Companion to Ancient Philosophy

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781317975502
Pages : 726 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (755 downloads)

Download Routledge Companion to Ancient Philosophy PDF Full Free by Frisbee Sheffield and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-12-04 with total page 726 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Routledge Companion to Ancient Philosophy is a collection of new essays on the philosophy and philosophers of the ancient Greek and Roman worlds. Written by a cast of international scholars, it covers the full range of ancient philosophy from the sixth century BC to the sixth century AD and beyond. There are dedicated discussions of the major areas of the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle together with accounts of their predecessors and successors. The contributors also address various problems of interpretation and method, highlighting the particular demands and interest of working with ancient philosophical texts. All original texts discussed are translated into English.


Download Thales to Sextus PDF

Thales to Sextus

Author :
Publisher : Waveland Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781478631866
Pages : 425 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (318 downloads)

Download Thales to Sextus PDF Full Free by Garrett Thomson and published by Waveland Press. This book was released on 2015-09-22 with total page 425 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The period spanning approximately 624–545 BC to 175–225 AD is often considered the most exciting in Western philosophy. Designed as a companion to the original works of the ancient philosophers from this early period, this introductory text spotlights seminal thinkers, including the Sophists; offers a detailed analysis of the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle; and features a well-rounded assessment of the Hellenistic and Roman philosophers, examining Epicureanism, Stoicism, and skepticism. Thomson’s comprehensive treatment features accessible explanations of the philosophers’ central arguments in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and politics. He presents critical assessments of the philosophers’ views and recounts some of the major interpretations of the original texts by noted scholars.


Download To Heal Humankind PDF

To Heal Humankind

Author :
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781351656566
Pages : 241 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (565 downloads)

Download To Heal Humankind PDF Full Free by Adam Gaffney and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2017-07-06 with total page 241 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Right to Health in the "International Bill of Rights" -- Latin America and the Right to Healthcare -- Alma-Ata and the Advent of "Primary Care" in the Cold War -- Return to the US: From Medicare to Universal Healthcare? -- Return to Latin America: Alma-Ata in Nicaragua -- 7 The Right to Health in the Age of Neoliberalism -- Exit Alma-Ata, Enter the World Bank -- Healthcare and Neoliberalism: A Return to Chile, Nicaragua, China, Russia, and Cuba -- HIV/AIDS and the Human Right to Health Movement -- The Right to Health in Law: International and Domestic -- Medicines and the Rights-Commodity Dialectic: The Case of South Africa -- Rights, Litigation, and Privatization: Brazil, Colombia, India, and Canada -- The Healthcare Rights-Commodity Dialectic in a Time of Austerity and Reaction -- Conclusion -- Index.


Download Aeschylus: Prometheus Bound PDF

Aeschylus: Prometheus Bound

Author :
Publisher : A&C Black
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781472502490
Pages : 176 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (24 downloads)

Download Aeschylus: Prometheus Bound PDF Full Free by Ian Ruffell and published by A&C Black. This book was released on 2012-12-20 with total page 176 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Prometheus Bound is a play beloved of revolutionaries, romantics and rebels, with a fierce optimism tempered by an acute awareness of the compromises, dangers and obsessions of political action. This companion sets the play in its historical context, explores its challenge to authority, and traces its reception from the sixteenth to the twentieth century. Many scholars have disputed its Aeschylean authorship, but it has proved the most influential of tragedies outside academia. Marx's favourite tragedy, Prometheus Bound is also a foundational text for the genre of science fiction through its influence on Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. In its open-eyed celebration of technology and democracy, it is the tragedy for the modern age.


Download The Sophists in Plato's Dialogues PDF

The Sophists in Plato's Dialogues

Author :
Publisher : State University of New York Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781438456195
Pages : 330 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (561 downloads)

Download The Sophists in Plato's Dialogues PDF Full Free by David D. Corey and published by State University of New York Press. This book was released on 2015-05-05 with total page 330 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Draws out numerous affinities between the sophists and Socrates in Plato's dialogues. Are the sophists merely another group of villains in Plato’s dialogues, no different than amoral rhetoricians such as Thrasymachus, Callicles, and Polus? Building on a wave of recent interest in the Greek sophists, The Sophists in Plato’s Dialogues argues that, contrary to the conventional wisdom, there exist important affinities between Socrates and the sophists he engages in conversation. Both focused squarely on aretē (virtue or excellence). Both employed rhetorical techniques of refutation, revisionary myth construction, esotericism, and irony. Both engaged in similar ways of minimizing the potential friction that sometimes arises between intellectuals and the city. Perhaps the most important affinity between Socrates and the sophists, David D. Corey argues, was their mutual recognition of a basic epistemological insight—that appearances (phainomena) both physical and intellectual were vexingly unstable. Such things as justice, beauty, piety, and nobility are susceptible to radical change depending upon the angle from which they are viewed. Socrates uses the sophists and sometimes plays the role of sophist himself in order to awaken interlocutors and readers from their dogmatic slumber. This in turn generates wonder (thaumas), which, according to Socrates, is nothing other than the beginning of philosophy. David D. Corey is Associate Professor of Political Philosophy at Baylor University and the coauthor (with J. Daryl Charles) of The Just War Tradition: An Introduction.


Download Novelty PDF

Novelty

Author :
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780226077901
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (779 downloads)

Download Novelty PDF Full Free by Michael North and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2013-10-18 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: If art and science have one thing in common, it’s a hunger for the new—new ideas and innovations, new ways of seeing and depicting the world. But that desire for novelty carries with it a fundamental philosophical problem: If everything has to come from something, how can anything truly new emerge? Is novelty even possible? In Novelty, Michael North takes us on a dazzling tour of more than two millennia of thinking about the problem of the new, from the puzzles of the pre-Socratics all the way up to the art world of the 1960s and ’70s. The terms of the debate, North shows, were established before Plato, and have changed very little since: novelty, philosophers argued, could only arise from either recurrence or recombination. The former, found in nature’s cycles of renewal, and the latter, seen most clearly in the workings of language, between them have accounted for nearly all the ways in which novelty has been conceived in Western history, taking in reformation, renaissance, invention, revolution, and even evolution. As he pursues this idea through centuries and across disciplines, North exhibits astonishing range, drawing on figures as diverse as Charles Darwin and Robert Smithson, Thomas Kuhn and Ezra Pound, Norbert Wiener and Andy Warhol, all of whom offer different ways of grappling with the idea of originality. Novelty, North demonstrates, remains a central problem of contemporary science and literature—an ever-receding target that, in its complexity and evasiveness, continues to inspire and propel the modern. A heady, ambitious intellectual feast, Novelty is rich with insight, a masterpiece of perceptive synthesis.


Download Ancient Philosophy PDF

Ancient Philosophy

Author :
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781119110163
Pages : 216 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (11 downloads)

Download Ancient Philosophy PDF Full Free by Daniel W. Graham and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2020-03-11 with total page 216 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A comprehensive yet accessible survey of ancient philosophy, covering Greek, Roman, and early Judeo-Christian philosophy, ideal for introductory courses in the ancient roots of modern worldviews Part of the popular Fundamentals of Philosophy series, Ancient Philosophy is an ideal resource for beginning students as well as for advanced students wishing to hone their understanding of the philosophies of the ancient world. Clear and engaging, this book covers a representative selection of major ancient thinkers, movements, and schools of thought, including the Sophists and other significant Presocratics, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Hellenistic philosophy, the Stoics, the Skeptics, and early Judeo-Christian philosophy up to Augustine. Written by a prominent scholar and author in ancient philosophy studies, this book: Provides an overview of important issues in the study of the philosophies of the ancient world Explores the relevance of the theories of ancient thinkers to the modern world Charts the progression in the ancient world from worldviews based in mythology to systems of thought based on the analysis of evidence Presents up-to-date scholarship as well as historical material from ancient sources Assumes no prior knowledge of philosophy and examines all arguments carefully and sequentially


Download Differences in Identity in Philosophy and Religion PDF

Differences in Identity in Philosophy and Religion

Author :
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781350076518
Pages : 216 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (765 downloads)

Download Differences in Identity in Philosophy and Religion PDF Full Free by Lydia Azadpour and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2020-04-02 with total page 216 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores the constitutive role alterity plays in identity formation in Western and Eastern traditions. It examines the significance of difference in conceptions of identity across major philosophical and religious traditions in a global and comparative context, considering Ancient Greek and Egyptian, Chinese, Islamic, European and Japanese philosophies. In addition, the book opens up discussion of less dominant trends in philosophical thinking, particularly the spaces between self-same existence and otherness in the histories of philosophical and religious thought. Chapters critique both essentialist and postmodern understandings of self-constitution by questioning the ordinary narrative of identity construction across Western and non-Western traditions. The book also explores the construction of selfhood from a wide range of perspectives, drawing upon individual philosophers (including Plotinus, Descartes, Geulincx, Hume, de Beauvoir and Ueda) as well as religious and philosophical movements, including Confucian philosophy, Zen Buddhism, Protestantism and Post-Phenomenology. Differences in Identity in Philosophy and Religion represents a landmark study, drawing together a range of approaches, perspectives and traditions to explore how identity is constructed across the world.


Download Atheism on Trial PDF

Atheism on Trial

Author :
Publisher : Harvest House Publishers
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780736973083
Pages : 286 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (73 downloads)

Download Atheism on Trial PDF Full Free by Louis Markos and published by Harvest House Publishers. This book was released on 2018-04-03 with total page 286 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Answers You Need for the Tough Questions About Your Faith Atheists are launching a new wave of attacks against Christianity and faith in God. It's hard to know how to handle their claims that they have a more enlightened, scientific, and sophisticated worldview. How can you respond with precision to arguments against your faith? With instructive clarity, Dr. Louis Markos confronts the modern-day atheists' claims that new evidence disproves the existence of God. In fact, you will find that the "proof" they peddle is not new at all. Rather, they recycle claims that have already been disproven by Christian thinkers of the past...claims that you can silence today with the same solid logic. Equip yourself to defend your beliefs from a deep well of knowledge and conviction. Stand in confidence that the trial of public opinion versus universal truth has already been held—and God is the victor.


Download Ancient Greek Philosophy PDF

Ancient Greek Philosophy

Author :
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781444396089
Pages : 328 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (96 downloads)

Download Ancient Greek Philosophy PDF Full Free by Thomas A. Blackson and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2011-01-06 with total page 328 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Ancient Greek Philosophy: From the Presocratics to the Hellenistic Philosophers presents a comprehensive introduction to the philosophers and philosophical traditions that developed in ancient Greece from 585 BC to 529 AD. Provides coverage of the Presocratics through the Hellenistic philosophers Moves beyond traditional textbooks that conclude with Aristotle A uniquely balanced organization of exposition, choice excerpts and commentary, informed by classroom feedback Contextual commentary traces the development of lines of thought through the period, ideal for students new to the discipline Can be used in conjunction with the online resources found at http://tomblackson.com/Ancient/toc.html