Download Ought Implies Kant PDF

Ought Implies Kant

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Publisher : Lexington Books
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ISBN 10 : 9780739133521
Pages : 132 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (335 downloads)

Download Ought Implies Kant PDF Full Free by Joel Marks and published by Lexington Books. This book was released on 2009-01-16 with total page 132 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Ought Implies Kant offers an original defense of the ethical theory of Immanuel Kant, and develops an extension of that theoryOs account of moral duty to include direct duties to nonhuman animals. The discussion centers on a critical examination of consequentialism, the view that the rightness or wrongness of an action is determined solely by its consequences. Kantianism, by contrast, claims that the core of ethics is to treat all persons_or, in Joel MarksOs view, all living beings_as ends-in-themselves. The consequentialist criterion would seem to permit, indeed require, violating the dignity of persons (not to mention the dignity of other animals) if this would result in a better outcome. This volume treats the consequentialist challenge to Kantian ethics in several novel ways. To begin with, the utilitarian version of consequentialism is delineated and defended by means of a conceptual device dubbed by the author as the Consequentialist Continuum. Marks then provides an exhaustive and definitive exposition of the relatively neglected Epistemic Objection to utilitarianism. While acknowledging the intuitive appeal of utilitarianismOs core conviction_that we should always do what is for the best_Marks argues that this is an impossible injunction to fulfill, or even to attempt to fulfill, because all of the relevant results of our actions can never be known. Kantianism is then introduced as a viable alternative account of our ethical obligations. Marks argues that Kantianism is well within the scope of normal human competence and conforms equally well to our ethical intuitions once the theoryOs proper interpretation is appreciated. However, KantOs own version must be extended to accommodate the rightful moral consideration we owe to nonhuman animals. Finally, Marks employs the notion of a Consequentialist Illusion to explain utilitarianismOs hold on our moral intuitions, while developing a form of Consequentialist Kantianism to address them. An original and penetrating examination of a central debate in moral philosophy, this book will be of interest to philosophical ethicists, upper-level and graduate philosophy students, and the intellectual reading public.


Download Kant, Ought Implies Can, the Principle of Alternate Possibilities, and Happiness PDF

Kant, Ought Implies Can, the Principle of Alternate Possibilities, and Happiness

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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
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ISBN 10 : 9781498519625
Pages : 280 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (196 downloads)

Download Kant, Ought Implies Can, the Principle of Alternate Possibilities, and Happiness PDF Full Free by Samuel Kahn and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2018-12-31 with total page 280 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines three issues: the principle of ought implies can (OIC); the principle of alternate possibilities (PAP); and Kant’s views on the duty to promote one’s own happiness. It argues that although Kant was wrong to deny such a duty, the part of his denial that rests on a conception of duty incorporating both OIC and PAP is sound.


Download Kant, Ought Implies Can, the Principle of Alternate Possibilities, and Happiness PDF

Kant, Ought Implies Can, the Principle of Alternate Possibilities, and Happiness

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Publisher :
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ISBN 10 : 149851961X
Pages : 271 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (985 downloads)

Download Kant, Ought Implies Can, the Principle of Alternate Possibilities, and Happiness PDF Full Free by Samuel Kahn and published by . This book was released on 2018-12-31 with total page 271 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines three issues: the principle of ought implies can (OIC); the principle of alternate possibilities (PAP); and Kant's views on the duty to promote one's own happiness. It argues that although Kant was wrong to deny such a duty, the part of his denial that rests on a conception of duty incorporating both OIC and PAP is sound.


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Kant and the Possibility of Progress

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Publisher : University of Pennsylvania Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780812297799
Pages : 328 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (977 downloads)

Download Kant and the Possibility of Progress PDF Full Free by Paul T. Wilford and published by University of Pennsylvania Press. This book was released on 2021-06-04 with total page 328 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) transformed the philosophical, cultural, and religious landscape of modern Europe. Emphasizing the priority of practical reason and moral autonomy, Kant's radically original account of human subjectivity announced new ethical imperatives and engendered new political hopes. This collection of essays investigates the centrality of progress to Kant's philosophical project and the contested legacy of Kant's faith in reason's capacity to advance not only our scientific comprehension and technological prowess, but also our moral, political, and religious lives. Accordingly, the first half of the volume explores the many facets of Kant's thinking about progress, while the remaining essays each focus on one or two thinkers who play a crucial role in post-Kantian German philosophy: J. G. Herder (1744-1803), J. G. Fichte (1762-1814), G. W. F. Hegel (1770-1831), Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), Walter Benjamin (1892-1940), and Martin Heidegger (1889-1976). This two-part structure reflects the central thesis of the volume that Kant inaugurates a distinctive theoretical tradition in which human historicity is central to political philosophy. By exploring the origins and metamorphoses of this tremendously influential tradition, the volume offers a timely perspective on fundamental questions in an age increasingly suspicious of the Enlightenment's promise of universal rational progress. It aims to help us face three sets of questions: (1) Do we still believe in the possibility of progress? If we do, on what grounds? If we do not, why have we lost the hope for a better future that animated previous generations? (2) Is the belief in progress necessary for the maintenance of today's liberal democratic order? Does a cosmopolitan vision of politics ultimately depend on a faith in humanity's gradual, asymptotic realization of that lofty aim? (3) And, if we no longer believe in progress, can we dispense with hope without succumbing to despair?


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Kant and His Influence

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9781847143273
Pages : 392 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (432 downloads)

Download Kant and His Influence PDF Full Free by George MacDonald Ross and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2006-01-11 with total page 392 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book illustrates the extent to which Kant's work has permeated wide areas of learing, across many disciplines, despite a general ignorance, especially in England, of the details of his highly technical philosophy. Consisting of nine major contributions to the Leeds Kant Conference in April 1990, Kant and his Influence shows how Kant's thought has had a marked effect on philosophers, both Continental and Analytic, social and art historians, theologians and Church leaders.


Download Kant on Persons and Agency PDF

Kant on Persons and Agency

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781107182455
Pages : 255 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (824 downloads)

Download Kant on Persons and Agency PDF Full Free by Eric Watkins and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2018 with total page 255 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume investigates Kant's conception of what a human being is and how a human being can act autonomously. Scholars explore fundamental topics such as freedom, autonomy, and personhood from both practical and theoretical perspectives, and consider their importance within Kant's wider system of philosophy.


Download Kant's Ethics PDF

Kant's Ethics

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
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ISBN 10 : 9781614510741
Pages : 374 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (17 downloads)

Download Kant's Ethics PDF Full Free by John Silber and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 2012-05-29 with total page 374 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Kant is commonly regarded as a deontologist, and duty, rather than the good, is placed at the center of his ethics. By a comprehensive examination of Kant's views of the good, freedom and the will, this book aims to dispel this common misconception of Kant's ethics and to replace it with a richer understanding that gives proper emphasis to the central importance of the good, restoring the balanced relationship Kant intended between duty and the good. The Enlightenment, by undermining the religious foundations of morality, prompted Kant to offer a new foundation for ethics based not on religion but on reason. This book is highly relevant to the contemporary discussion of Kant. Its emphasis on the importance of the concept of the good in Kant's ethics represents an important alternative to most interpretations advanced today.


Download The Demands of Taste in Kant's Aesthetics PDF

The Demands of Taste in Kant's Aesthetics

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Publisher : A&C Black
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ISBN 10 : 9781847144508
Pages : 192 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (445 downloads)

Download The Demands of Taste in Kant's Aesthetics PDF Full Free by Brent Kalar and published by A&C Black. This book was released on 2006-10-15 with total page 192 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Typically philosophers have either viewed beauty as objective and judgments of beauty as universally valid, or else they have viewed beauty as subjective and regarded judgments of beauty as merely private preferences. Immanuel Kant is famous for his unique third path. Kant argues that beauty is subjective, but the judgment of taste about beauty is capable of universal validity. In his view, the beautiful is not a feature of objects themselves, but merely represents the way we respond to objects. Furthermore, the judgment of taste about beauty is a merely 'aesthetic' judgment - i.e., one based on a feeling of pleasure we take in the object. The judgment of taste, on the other hand, possesses 'universal validity': to call something beautiful is implicitly to 'demand' that all others find it beautiful as well. Kant's views about the taste for the beautiful have long been the subject of controversy. Scholars have differed over the interpretation of the demand contained in a judgment of taste and whether Kant's attempt to legitimate this demand is successful. Brent Kalar argues that the demands of taste should be understood as involving a uniquely aesthetic normativity rooted in Kant's cognitive psychology. If the basis of aesthetic pleasure in the activity of the cognitive faculties is properly understood, then Kant's attempt to legitimate the demands of taste may be regarded as a success. This leads Kalar to give a new interpretation of the nature of the beautiful according to Kant that re-examines the relationship between 'free play' and the 'form of purposiveness' in Kant's aesthetics, and restores the 'aesthetic ideas' to their rightful centrality in Kant's theory.


Download Kant on Practical Justification PDF

Kant on Practical Justification

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780195395686
Pages : 337 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (956 downloads)

Download Kant on Practical Justification PDF Full Free by Mark Timmons and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2013-03-28 with total page 337 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume of new essays provides a comprehensive and structured examination of Kant's justification of norms, a crucial but neglected theme in Kantian practical philosophy. The essays engage with the view that a successful account of justification of normative claims has to be non-metaphysical and go on to pursue further implications in ethics, legal and political philosophy, and philosophy of religion.


Download In Defense of Kant's Religion PDF

In Defense of Kant's Religion

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Publisher : Indiana University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780253000712
Pages : 296 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (7 downloads)

Download In Defense of Kant's Religion PDF Full Free by Chris L. Firestone and published by Indiana University Press. This book was released on 2008-10-09 with total page 296 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Chris L. Firestone and Nathan Jacobs integrate and interpret the work of leading Kant scholars to come to a new and deeper understanding of Kant's difficult book, Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. In this text, Kant's vocabulary and language are especially tortured and convoluted. Readers have often lost sight of the thinker's deep ties to Christianity and questioned the viability of the work as serious philosophy of religion. Firestone and Jacobs provide strong and cogent grounds for taking Kant's religion seriously and defend him against the charges of incoherence. In their reading, Christian essentials are incorporated into the confines of reason, and they argue that Kant establishes a rational religious faith in accord with religious conviction as it is elaborated in his mature philosophy. For readers at all levels, this book articulates a way to ground religion and theology in a fully fledged defense of Religion which is linked to the larger corpus of Kant's philosophical enterprise.


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Kant and the Scottish Enlightenment

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781315463391
Pages : 368 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (633 downloads)

Download Kant and the Scottish Enlightenment PDF Full Free by Elizabeth Robinson and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-06-26 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Most academic philosophers and intellectual historians are familiar with the major historical figures and intellectual movements coming out of Scotland in the 18th Century. These scholars are also familiar with the works of Immanuel Kant and his influence on Western thought. But with the exception of discussion examining David Hume’s influence on Kant’s epistemology, metaphysics, and moral theory, little attention has been paid to the influence of the Scottish Enlightenment thinkers on Kant’s philosophy. This volume aims to fill this perceived gap in the literature and provide a starting point for future discussions looking at the influence of Hume, Thomas Reid, Adam Smith, and other Scottish Enlightenment thinkers on Kant’s philosophy.


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Kant on Freedom and Spontaneity

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781107125933
Pages : 325 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (259 downloads)

Download Kant on Freedom and Spontaneity PDF Full Free by Kate A. Moran and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2018-09-27 with total page 325 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A collection of essays on the foundational themes of freedom and spontaneity in Immanuel Kant's philosophy.


Download Ought Implies Kant PDF

Ought Implies Kant

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ISBN 10 : 0739128779
Pages : 115 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (391 downloads)

Download Ought Implies Kant PDF Full Free by Joel Marks and published by . This book was released on 2009 with total page 115 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book offers an unconventional defense of Kantian ethical theory as encompassing moral regard for nonhuman animals and, complementarily, an exhaustive rendition of a relatively neglected refutation of consequentialism as violating an essential meta-ethical condition of theoretical viability.


Download Kant's 'Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals' PDF

Kant's 'Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals'

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781139485326
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (853 downloads)

Download Kant's 'Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals' PDF Full Free by Jens Timmermann and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2009-12-24 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In his Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant portrays the supreme moral principle as an unconditional imperative that applies to all of us because we freely choose to impose upon ourselves a law of pure practical reason. Morality is revealed to be a matter of autonomy. Today, this approach to ethical theory is as perplexing, controversial and inspiring as it was in 1785, when the Groundwork was first published. The essays in this volume, by international Kant scholars and moral philosophers, discuss Kant's philosophical development and his rejection of earlier moral theories, the role of happiness and inclination in the Groundwork, Kant's moral metaphysics and theory of value, and his attempt to justify the categorical imperative as a principle of freedom. They reflect the approach of several schools of interpretation and illustrate the lively diversity of Kantian ethics today.


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Kant's Anatomy of Evil

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781139484657
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (846 downloads)

Download Kant's Anatomy of Evil PDF Full Free by Sharon Anderson-Gold and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2009-12-24 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Kant infamously claimed that all human beings, without exception, are evil by nature. This collection of essays critically examines and elucidates what he must have meant by this indictment. It shows the role which evil plays in his overall philosophical project and analyses its relation to individual autonomy. Furthermore, it explores the relevance of Kant's views for understanding contemporary questions such as crimes against humanity and moral reconstruction. Leading scholars in the field engage a wide range of sources from which a distinctly Kantian theory of evil emerges, both subtle and robust, and capable of shedding light on the complex dynamics of human immorality.


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Kant

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781135015626
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (156 downloads)

Download Kant PDF Full Free by Paul Guyer and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2014-03-05 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this updated edition of his outstanding introduction to Kant, Paul Guyer uses Kant’s central conception of autonomy as the key to his thought. Beginning with a helpful overview of Kant’s life and times, Guyer introduces Kant’s metaphysics and epistemology, carefully explaining his arguments about the nature of space, time and experience in his most influential but difficult work, The Critique of Pure Reason. He offers an explanation and critique of Kant’s famous theory of transcendental idealism and shows how much of Kant’s philosophy is independent of this controversial doctrine. He then examines Kant’s moral philosophy, his celebrated ‘categorical imperative’ and his theories of duty, freedom of will and political rights. This section of the work has been substantially revised to clarify the relation between Kant’s conceptions of "internal" and "external" freedom. In his treatments of Kant’s aesthetics and teleology, Guyer focuses on their relation to human freedom and happiness. Finally, he considers Kant’s view that the development of human autonomy is the only goal that we can conceive for both natural and human history. Including a chronology, glossary, chapter summaries and up-to-date further reading, Kant, second edition is an ideal introduction to this demanding yet pivotal figure in the history of philosophy, and essential reading for all students of philosophy.


Download Reason and Experience in Mendelssohn and Kant PDF

Reason and Experience in Mendelssohn and Kant

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780192590671
Pages : 364 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (96 downloads)

Download Reason and Experience in Mendelssohn and Kant PDF Full Free by Paul Guyer and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2020-05-14 with total page 364 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Reason and Experience in Mendelssohn and Kant provides the first in-depth examination of the lifelong intellectual relationship between two of the greatest figures of the European Enlightenment, Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) and Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786). Both were engaged in a common project of striking the right balance between rationalism and empiricism. They sometimes borrowed from one another, often disagreed with one another, and can usefully be compared even when they did not directly interact. Guyer examines a series of comparisons and contrasts: their arguments and conclusions on a range of metaphysical issues, including proofs of the existence of God, immortality, and idealism; their shared interests in aesthetics; and their path-breaking work on the "religion of reason" and the separation of church and state. Setting the work of both philosophers in historical context, Guyer shows that, where Kant sometimes provides deeper insight into the underlying structure of human thought, Mendelssohn is often the deeper student of the variety of human experience. This is evident above all in their treatments of aesthetics and religion: Mendelssohn recognizes more deeply than Kant the emotional impact of art, and while Kant imagines that organized religion will one day be superseded by pure morality, Mendelssohn argued that organized religion in all its varieties seems here to stay, and so toleration for religious variety is an inescapable requirement of human morality. Based on an exhaustive study of a wide range of texts, this study demonstrates the on-going relevance of Kant and Mendelssohn to modern thought.