Download Constructing America's Freedom Agenda for the Middle East PDF

Constructing America's Freedom Agenda for the Middle East

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780415603102
Pages : 250 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (31 downloads)

Download Constructing America's Freedom Agenda for the Middle East PDF Full Free by Oz Hassan and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013 with total page 250 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book generates a greater understanding, and critique, of the George W. Bush administration's Freedom Agenda for the Middle East and North Africa.


Download Democracy Promotion and the Challenges of Illiberal Regional Powers PDF

Democracy Promotion and the Challenges of Illiberal Regional Powers

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781317225195
Pages : 165 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (251 downloads)

Download Democracy Promotion and the Challenges of Illiberal Regional Powers PDF Full Free by Nelli Babayan and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-10-02 with total page 165 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines Western efforts at democracy promotion, reactions by illiberal challengers and regional powers, and political and societal conditions in target states. It is argued that Western powers are not unequivocally committed to the promotion of democracy and human rights, while non-democratic regional powers cannot simply be described as "autocracy supporters". This volume examines in detail the challenges by three illiberal regional powers — China, Russia and Saudi Arabia — to Western (US and EU) efforts at democracy promotion. The contributions specifically analyze their actions in Ethiopia and Angola in the case of China, Georgia and Ukraine in the case of Russia, and Tunisia in the case of Saudi Arabia. Democratic powers such as the US or the EU usually prefer stability over human rights and democracy. If democratic movements threaten stability in a region, neither the US nor the EU supports them. As to illiberal powers, they are generally not that different from their democratic counterparts. They also prefer stability over turmoil. Neither Russia nor China nor Saudi Arabia explicitly promote autocracy. Instead, they seek to suppress democratic movements in their periphery the minute these groups threaten their security interests or are perceived to endanger their regime survival. This was previously published as a special issue of Democratization.


Download The Trump Presidency PDF

The Trump Presidency

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781000630947
Pages : 156 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (39 downloads)

Download The Trump Presidency PDF Full Free by Matthew Alan Hill and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2022-08-08 with total page 156 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Did Donald Trump decisively transform and alter the course of US foreign policy? All presidents promise change, but few presidents promise changes as radical as Trump did during his presidency. The extent to which Trump delivered on that promise, however, remains hotly debated with little or no agreement. The chapters in this edited volume argue that much of this debate is a dialogue of the deaf where scholars speak past rather than to each other, where the basis for claims about change or continuity is unclear and where the argument and knowledge, consequently, fails to progress. At its heart, this is a problem of theory and methods. Employing a diverse range of theoretical and methodological perspectives, this book seeks to move the debate beyond a superficial focus on events to more fundamental questions of how change is defined, measured and explained and in doing so, attempts to advance understanding of foreign policy change and the extent to which Trump can really be considered to have been a transformative president. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the journal, Global Affairs.


Download Political Narratives in the Middle East and North Africa PDF

Political Narratives in the Middle East and North Africa

Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783030352172
Pages : 187 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (521 downloads)

Download Political Narratives in the Middle East and North Africa PDF Full Free by Wolfgang Mühlberger and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-02-13 with total page 187 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book discusses the role of political narratives in shaping perceptions of instability and conceptions of order in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The authors illustrate how, in times of socio-political turmoil and outbursts of discontent such as the Arab Spring, political entrepreneurs explain and justify their political agendas by complementing hard power solutions with attractive ideas and discursive constructions that appeal to domestic constituencies and geopolitical allies. The book is divided into two parts. The first focuses on non-state actors, such as confessional communities and ideological movements, who aim to develop narratives that are convincing to their respective polities. It also studies regional powers that seek to determine their positions in a competitive environment via distinctive narrations of order. In part two, the authors investigate the narratives of global players that aim to explain and justify their role in an evolving international order.


Download Contemporary Politics in the Middle East PDF

Contemporary Politics in the Middle East

Author :
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781509520862
Pages : 388 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (28 downloads)

Download Contemporary Politics in the Middle East PDF Full Free by Beverley Milton-Edwards and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2018-01-16 with total page 388 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The fourth edition of this dynamic and popular text provides a comprehensive introduction to contemporary politics in the Middle East. Fully revised and updated throughout, it features a new chapter on the Arab Spring and its aftermath, plus a wide range of vibrant case studies, data, questions for class discussion and suggestions for further reading. Purposefully employing a clear thematic structure, the book begins by introducing key concepts and contentious debates before outlining the impact of colonialism, and the rise and relevance of Arab nationalism in the region. Major political issues affecting the Middle East are then explored in full. These include political economy, conflict, political Islam, gender, the regional democracy deficit, and ethnicity and minorities. The book also examines the role of key foreign actors, such as the USA, Russia and the EU, and concludes with an in-depth analysis of the Arab uprisings and their impact in an era of uncertainty.


Download Responses to the ‘Arabellions’ PDF

Responses to the ‘Arabellions’

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781317391111
Pages : 168 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (911 downloads)

Download Responses to the ‘Arabellions’ PDF Full Free by Tanja Börzel and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-10-02 with total page 168 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book studies the reactions by external actors, including the European Union, to the events unfolding in the Arab world beginning in December 2010. In particular, contributors look at external actors' attempts to balance their desire for stability with their normative principles toward human rights and democracy. The book compares the action (and inaction) of the EU with other international and regional players, including the United States, Russia, Turkey and Israel, and assesses the response of these actors to the Arabellions’ events, analysing changes in their approaches to the Arab region. The contributions to this book answer three questions: (1) How have external actors assessed the ‘Arabellions’ and what role did they see for themselves in this context? (2) Which goals and instruments did external actors pursue toward the MENA region? In particular, how did they deal with conflicting goals, such as support for human rights and democracy, on the one hand, and concerns about security and stability, on the other? (3) How can we explain the varying responses of external actors to the Arabellions? This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Integration.


Download Congressional Policymaking in Sino-U.S. Relations during the Post-Cold War Era PDF

Congressional Policymaking in Sino-U.S. Relations during the Post-Cold War Era

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781134488766
Pages : 200 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (887 downloads)

Download Congressional Policymaking in Sino-U.S. Relations during the Post-Cold War Era PDF Full Free by Joseph A Gagliano and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2014-09-15 with total page 200 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Conventional wisdom holds that the President enjoys the preponderance of foreign policy power, however Congress has influenced China policymaking more than is generally recognized. The legislature has demonstrated consistent interests in the realm of China policy, and it has invariably pursued those interests through law-making. During the post-Cold War period in particular, the Sino-U.S. relationship has evolved in a radically changing international environment, marked by a power transition inherent in China's rise. The development of official relations between Washington and Beijing during the Cold War occurred in the shadow of an assertive Soviet power, when the United States and China were able to find common geopolitical ground in opposing Soviet expansion while overlooking longstanding political disagreements. The dissolution of the Soviet empire, however, put the United States and China on a new geostrategic footing. Political disagreements were no longer exempted in light of a counter-Soviet strategy, and the reduction in concern for the Soviet threat allowed policymakers in Washington to more aggressively pursue trade interests that conflicted with those of China. Given this international context, this book aims to discern how Congress reconciled competing Sino-U.S. interests in a post-Cold War era, when external threats no longer dictated an apparent hierarchy that favored China over the Soviet Union. This work will be of interest to students and scholars of US foreign policy, China Studies and international relations in general.


Download Neighbourhood Policy and the Construction of the European External Borders PDF

Neighbourhood Policy and the Construction of the European External Borders

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783319184524
Pages : 201 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (845 downloads)

Download Neighbourhood Policy and the Construction of the European External Borders PDF Full Free by Filippo Celata and published by Springer. This book was released on 2015-06-11 with total page 201 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book looks both backward and forward with regard to the European Union’s political strategies towards its neighbouring countries. By bringing together the perspectives of critical geopolitics, policy studies and border studies, it presents a comprehensive review of the European Neighbourhood Policy and how it impacts the ongoing construction of the EU’s external frontiers. Is the EU committed to promoting integration in a ‘wider’ European space, or is a “fortress Europe” emerging where the strengthening of internal cohesion is coupled with the militarisation of its external borders? The book aims to problematize this question by showing how the EU’s external policies are based on a mixture of openness and closure, inclusion and exclusion, cooperation and securitisation. The European Neighbourhood Policy is a controversial strategy where regionalization and bordering, homogenisations and differentiations, centrifugal and centripetal forces proceed side-by-side, in an explicit attempt to construct a selective, mobile and fragmented border. A specific focus is devoted to the diversity of geo-strategies the EU is pursuing in its neighbouring countries and regions, macro-regional strategies and cross-border cooperation initiatives as new scales of cooperation, and the role of other global players.


Download US Democracy Promotion after the Cold War PDF

US Democracy Promotion after the Cold War

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780429621376
Pages : 286 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (213 downloads)

Download US Democracy Promotion after the Cold War PDF Full Free by Annika Elena Poppe and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-07-24 with total page 286 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores the often assumed but so far not examined proposition that a particular U.S. culture influences U.S. foreign policy behavior or, more concretely, that widely shared basic assumptions embraced by members of the U.S. administration have a notable impact on foreign policy-making. Publicly professed beliefs regarding America’s role in the world and about democracy’s universal appeal – despite much contestation – go to the heart of U.S. national identity. Employing extensive foreign policy text analysis as well as using the case study of U.S.-Egyptian bilateral relations during the Clinton, Bush junior, and Obama administrations, it shows that basic assumptions matter in U.S. democracy promotion in general, and the book operationalizes them in detail as well as employs qualitative content analysis to assess their validity and variation. The research presented lies at the intersection of International Relations, U.S. foreign policy, regional studies, and democracy promotion. The specific focus on the domestic ‘cultural’ angle for the study of foreign policy and this dimension’s operationalization makes it a creative crossover study and a unique contribution to these overlapping fields.


Download The Rise and Fall of Democracy Promotion in US Foreign Policy PDF

The Rise and Fall of Democracy Promotion in US Foreign Policy

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781000584585
Pages : 94 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (845 downloads)

Download The Rise and Fall of Democracy Promotion in US Foreign Policy PDF Full Free by Matthew Alan Hill and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2022-02-21 with total page 94 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Rise and Fall of Democracy Promotion in US Foreign Policy employs a transformational change framework to understand US democracy promotion from 1977 until the present day. American exceptionalism is a framework that has driven the US since the founding days of the republic, charging the US to promote the universal values of liberty and the pursuit of happiness around the world. Providing a frame of continuity for successive administrations, it reinforces the mythology of American exceptionalism in the eyes of the American people and the world. In different eras, different presidential worldviews, along with different international and domestic factors, have shaped how each administration has acted in the international arena and yet all have employed this language regardless of the policies pursued. This timely volume maps-out and interrogates through four key indicators the rise and fall of democracy promotion at the conceptualisation, rhetorical, and implementation levels. It argues that there were two transformational changes during this period. The first was the expansion of democracy promotion in US foreign policy confirmed with the election of Jimmy Carter to the White House in 1977. The second was the rejection of liberal ideology and institutions confirmed with Donald Trump’s election in 2016. It is nuanced in that it shows how these changes in the acceptance and then rejection of democracy promotion as a foreign policy tool played out. In examining these two administrations, and those in-between, this work also observes that the rise and fall of democracy promotion as an effective foreign policy tool mirrored the relative dominance of the US in the international arena. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of American foreign policy, international relations, and American history.


Download The Freedom Agenda PDF

The Freedom Agenda

Author :
Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 1429941847
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (299 downloads)

Download The Freedom Agenda PDF Full Free by James Traub and published by Farrar, Straus and Giroux. This book was released on 2009-10-27 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Americans have been trying to shape democracy around the world for more than a century. It is the American mission, our distinctive form of evangelism. But when President Bush declared, in his second inaugural address, that "the survival of liberty in our land increasingly depends on the success of liberty in other lands," he elevated this cause—the "Freedom Agenda," as he called it—to the central theme of American foreign policy. Yet the war in Iraq has proven the folly of seeking to impose American democracy by force. As we leave the Bush era behind, the question arises: What part of our efforts to spread democracy can we rescue from this failure? The Freedom Agenda traces the history of America's democratic evangelizing. James Traub, a journalist for The New York Times Magazine, describes the rise and fall of the Freedom Agenda during the Bush years, in part through interviews with key administration officials. He offers a richly detailed portrait of the administration's largely failed efforts to bolster democratic forces abroad. In the end, Traub argues that democracy matters—for human rights, for reconciliation among ethnic and religious groups, for political stability and equitable development—but the United States must exercise caution in its efforts to spread it, matching its deeds to its words, both abroad and at home.


Download American Review of Politics PDF

American Review of Politics

Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : WISC:89119233807
Pages : pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download American Review of Politics PDF Full Free by and published by . This book was released on 2009 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download The Freedom Agenda PDF

The Freedom Agenda

Author :
Publisher : Picador
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 031242857X
Pages : 288 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (124 downloads)

Download The Freedom Agenda PDF Full Free by James Traub and published by Picador. This book was released on 2009-10-27 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: As we leave behind an era in which America tried to assert democracy by force (and often failed), the question arises: what part of our efforts to spread democracy can we preserve for the future? In The Freedom Agenda, James Traub traces the history of America's democratic evangelizing, offering an assessment of the George W. Bush administration's failed efforts abroad. And he puts forth the argument that democracy matters--for human rights, the resolution of conflicts, political stability and equitable development. But America must exercise caution in spreading it, both internationally and at home.


Download The Transparent Cabal PDF

The Transparent Cabal

Author :
Publisher : I H S Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105131798550
Pages : 472 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download The Transparent Cabal PDF Full Free by Stephen J. Sniegoski and published by I H S Press. This book was released on 2008 with total page 472 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Although it is generally understood that American neoconservatives pushed hard for the war in Iraq, this book forcefully argues that the neocons' goal was not the spread of democracy, but the protection of Israel's interests in the Middle East. Showing that the neocon movement has always identified closely with the interests of Israel's Likudnik right wing, the discussion contends that neocon advice on Iraq was the exact opposite of conventional United States foreign policy, which has always sought to maintain stability in the region to promote the flow of oil. Various players in the rush to war are assessed according to their motives, including President Bush, Ariel Sharon, members of the foreign-policy establishment, and the American people, who are seen not as having been dragged into war against their will, but as ready after 9/11 for retaliation.


Download Freedom's Unsteady March PDF

Freedom's Unsteady March

Author :
Publisher : Brookings Inst Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : UOM:39015077605239
Pages : 200 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download Freedom's Unsteady March PDF Full Free by Tamara Cofman Wittes and published by Brookings Inst Press. This book was released on 2008 with total page 200 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Dissects the Bush administration's failure to advance freedom in the Middle East. Lays out a strategy for committed U.S. promotion of democracy, arguing that only development of a more liberal and democratic politics in the Arab world can create a firmer foundation for Arab-American ties and secure U.S. long-term goals"--Provided by publisher.


Download Perspectives on the Legacy of George W. Bush PDF

Perspectives on the Legacy of George W. Bush

Author :
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Pub
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : UOM:39015078806000
Pages : 185 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download Perspectives on the Legacy of George W. Bush PDF Full Free by Michael Orlov Grossman and published by Cambridge Scholars Pub. This book was released on 2009 with total page 185 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Opinions of the Presidency of George W. Bush and his perceived legacy seem to exist only at the extremes. From the contentious outcome of the 2000 election, to the attacks on September 11, to the ongoing War in Iraq and Afghanistan, to the efforts to transform major domestic policies, and culminating with the financial crisis of 2008, it is little wonder that the name George W. Bush tends not to evoke lukewarm opinion. During his time in office, Bush obtained the highest approval ratings of any sitting president, but also the lowest. Scholars and other observers of the Bush Presidency have been similarly divided. Across the board, the presidency of George W. Bush raises questions that invite challenges to political scientists, scholarly questions of significant general interest. The authors in this volume begin the process of addressing some of these questions, with essays that cover an array of issues related to his presidency, and the legacy it leaves. This collection of essays presented at the Mount Union College Symposium on the Legacy of George W. Bush, seeks to provide some balance, offering some initial assessments of the consequences of this controversial president and his eventful tenure in office.


Download The Middle East, Abstracts and Index PDF

The Middle East, Abstracts and Index

Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : UOM:39015073542071
Pages : 860 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download The Middle East, Abstracts and Index PDF Full Free by and published by . This book was released on 2007 with total page 860 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: