Download Churchill's Folly PDF

Churchill's Folly

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Publisher : Hachette UK
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ISBN 10 : 9780465060979
Pages : 288 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (69 downloads)

Download Churchill's Folly PDF Full Free by Christopher Catherwood and published by Hachette UK. This book was released on 2014-01-14 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: As Britain's colonial secretary in the 1920s, Winston Churchill made a mistake with calamitous consequences. Scholar and adviser to Tony Blair's government, Christopher Catherwood chronicles and analyzes how Churchill created the artificial monarchy of Iraq after World War I, thereby forcing together unfriendly peoples under a single ruler. The map of the Middle East that Churchill created led to the rise of Saddam Hussein and the wars in which American troops fought in 1991 and 2003. Defying a global wave of nationalistic sentiment, and the desire of subject peoples to rule themselves, Winston Churchill put together the broken pieces of the Ottoman Empire and created a Middle Eastern powder keg. Inducing Arabs under the rule of the Ottoman Turks to rebel against their oppressors, the British and French during World War I convinced the Hashemite clan that they would rule over Syria. In fact, Britain had promised the territory to the French. To make amends, Churchill created the nation of Iraq and made the Hashemite leader, Feisel, king of a land to which he had no connections at all. Eight pages of photographs add to this fascinating history on Churchill's decision and the terrible legacy of the Ottoman Empire's collapse.


Download Winston's Folly PDF

Winston's Folly

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Publisher : Hachette UK
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781472120403
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (24 downloads)

Download Winston's Folly PDF Full Free by Christopher Catherwood and published by Hachette UK. This book was released on 2015-06-18 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: As Colonial Secretary in the 1920s Winston Churchill made a decision regarding the Middle East that was to have calamitous consequences. Scholar and strategic policy consultant, Christopher Catherwood discusses how Churchill created an artificial monarchy of Iraq after the First World War, forcing three radically different peoples to combine under a single ruler. Today's map of the Middle East, the rise of Saddam Hussein and Gulf Wars of 1991 and 2003 are the unwitting legacy of a conference led by Churchill in Cairo in 1921. Inducing Arabs under the rule of the Ottoman Turks to rebel against their oppressors - abetted by T. E. Lawrence - the British and French during the First World War convinced the Hashemite clan that they would rule over Syria. In fact, Britain had already promised the territory to the French. Partly to make amends and partly for pragmatic economic reasons, Churchill created a single nation state, Iraq, and made the Hashemite leader Feisel king of a land with which he had no connection. Catherwood dissects Churchill's decision - the results of which continue to cause terrible grief to Iraq's indigenous peoples and anxiety to the rest of the world.


Download Winston's Folly PDF

Winston's Folly

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Publisher : Constable & Robinson
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ISBN 10 : 1841199397
Pages : 267 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (411 downloads)

Download Winston's Folly PDF Full Free by Christopher Catherwood and published by Constable & Robinson. This book was released on 2004 with total page 267 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: As Colonial Secretary in the 1920s Winston Churchill made a decision regarding the Middle East that was to have calamitous consequences. Scholar and strategic policy consultant, Christopher Catherwood discusses how Churchill created an artificial monarchy of Iraq after the First World War, forcing three radically different peoples to combine under a single ruler. Today's map of the Middle East, the rise of Saddam Hussein and Gulf Wars of 1991 and 2003 are the unwitting legacy of a conference led by Churchill in Cairo in 1921. Inducing Arabs under the rule of the Ottoman Turks to rebel against their oppressors - abetted by T. E. Lawrence - the British and French during the First World War convinced the Hashemite clan that they would rule over Syria. In fact, Britain had already promised the territory to the French. Partly to make amends and partly for pragmatic economic reasons, Churchill created a single nation state, Iraq, and made the Hashemite leader Feisel king of a land with which he had no connection. Catherwood dissects Churchill's decision - the results of which continue to cause terrible grief to Iraq's indigenous peoples and anxiety to the rest of the world.


Download Hard Lessons PDF

Hard Lessons

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Publisher : Government Printing Office
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : MINN:30000008510715
Pages : 456 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download Hard Lessons PDF Full Free by United States. Office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction and published by Government Printing Office. This book was released on 2009 with total page 456 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Product Description: The billions of dollars expended in Iraq constitute the largest relief and reconstruction exercise in American history. SIGIR's lessons learned capping report characterizes this effort in four phases (pre-war to ORHA, CPA, post-CPA/Negroponte era, and Khalilzad, Crocker, and the Surge). From this history, SIGIR forwards a series of conclusions and recommendations for Congress to consider when organizing for the next post-conflict reconstruction situation. Over the past five years, the United States has provided nearly fifty billion dollars for the relief and reconstruction of Iraq. This unprecedented rebuilding program, implemented after the March 2003 invasion, was developed to restore Iraq's essential services, build Iraq's security forces, create a market-based economy, and establish a democratic government--all in pursuit of U.S. interests in a stable and free Iraq. Did the U.S. rebuilding program achieve its objectives? Was the money provided well-spent or wasted? What lessons have we learned from the experience? Hard Lessons: The Iraq Reconstruction Experience, a report from the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (SIGIR), answers these and other important questions by presenting a comprehensive history of the U.S. program, chiefly derived from SIGIR's body of extensive oversight work in Iraq, hundreds of interviews with key figures involved with the reconstruction program, and thousands of documents evidencing the reconstruction work that was - or was not - done. The report examines the limited pre-war planning for reconstruction, the shift from a large infrastructure program to a more community-based one, and the success of the Surge in 2007 and beyond. Hard Lessons concludes that the U.S. government did not have the structure or resources in place to execute the mammoth relief and reconstruction plan it took on in 2003. The lessons learned from this experience create a basis for reviewing and reforming the U.S. approach to contingency relief and reconstruction operations.


Download Churchill's Shadow: The Life and Afterlife of Winston Churchill PDF

Churchill's Shadow: The Life and Afterlife of Winston Churchill

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Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
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ISBN 10 : 9781324002772
Pages : 640 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (27 downloads)

Download Churchill's Shadow: The Life and Afterlife of Winston Churchill PDF Full Free by Geoffrey Wheatcroft and published by W. W. Norton & Company. This book was released on 2021-10-26 with total page 640 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A New York Times Notable Book of the Year A major reassessment of Winston Churchill that examines his lasting influence in politics and culture. Churchill is generally considered one of the greatest leaders of the twentieth century, if not the greatest of all, revered for his opposition to appeasement, his defiance in the face of German bombing of England, his political prowess, his deft aphorisms, and his memorable speeches. He became the savior of his country, as prime minister during the most perilous period in British history, World War II, and is now perhaps even more beloved in America than in England. And yet Churchill was also very often in the wrong: he brazenly contradicted his own previous political stances, was a disastrous military strategist, and inspired dislike and distrust through much of his life. Before 1939 he doubted the efficacy of tank and submarine warfare, opposed the bombing of cities only to reverse his position, shamelessly exploited the researchers and ghostwriters who wrote much of the journalism and the books published so lucratively under his name, and had an inordinate fondness for alcohol that once found him drinking whisky before breakfast. When he was appointed to the cabinet for the first time in 1908, a perceptive journalist called him “the most interesting problem of personal speculation in English politics.” More than a hundred years later, he remains a source of adulation, as well as misunderstanding. This revelatory new book takes on Churchill in his entirety, separating the man from the myth that he so carefully cultivated, and scrutinizing his legacy on both sides of the Atlantic. In effervescent prose, shot through with sly wit, Geoffrey Wheatcroft illuminates key moments and controversies in Churchill’s career—from the tragedy of Gallipoli, to his shocking imperialist and racist attitudes, dealings with Ireland, support for Zionism, and complicated engagement with European integration. Charting the evolution and appropriation of Churchill’s reputation through to the present day, Churchill’s Shadow colorfully renders the nuance and complexity of this giant of modern politics.


Download Hard Lessons: the Iraq Reconstruction Experience PDF

Hard Lessons: the Iraq Reconstruction Experience

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Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781437912746
Pages : 513 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (127 downloads)

Download Hard Lessons: the Iraq Reconstruction Experience PDF Full Free by Stuart W. Bowen and published by DIANE Publishing. This book was released on 2009-05 with total page 513 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A combination of poor planning, weak oversight and greed cheated U.S. taxpayers and undermined American forces in Iraq and Afghanistan. U.S. taxpayers have paid nearly $51 billion for projects in Iraq, including training the Iraqi army and police and rebuilding Iraq's oil, electric, justice, health and transportation sectors. Many of the projects did not succeed, partly because of violence in Iraq and friction between U.S. officials in Washington and Iraqi officials in Baghdad. The U.S. gov¿t. "was neither prepared for nor able to respond quickly to the ever-changing demands" of stabilizing Iraq and then rebuilding it. This report reviews the problems in the war effort, which the Bush admin. claimed would cost $2.4 billion. Charts and tables.


Download Kingmakers: The Invention of the Modern Middle East PDF

Kingmakers: The Invention of the Modern Middle East

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Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
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ISBN 10 : 9780393342437
Pages : 528 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (424 downloads)

Download Kingmakers: The Invention of the Modern Middle East PDF Full Free by Shareen Blair Brysac and published by W. W. Norton & Company. This book was released on 2009-10-12 with total page 528 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A brilliant narrative history tracing today’s troubles back to the grandiose imperial overreach of Great Britain and the United States. Kingmakers is the gripping story of how the modern Middle East came to be, as told through the lives of the Britons and Americans who shaped it. Some are famous (Lawrence of Arabia and Gertrude Bell); others infamous (Harry St. John Philby, father of Kim); some forgotten (Sir Mark Sykes, Israel’s godfather, and A. T. Wilson, the territorial creator of Iraq). All helped enthrone rulers in a region whose very name is an Anglo-American invention. The aim of this engrossing character-driven narrative is to restore to life the colorful figures who gave us the Middle East in which Americans are enmeshed today.


Download Winston Churchill PDF

Winston Churchill

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Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780198803980
Pages : 378 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (39 downloads)

Download Winston Churchill PDF Full Free by Richard Toye and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 2020 with total page 378 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A books which traces Churchill's life in the news from cradle to grave, showing how tensions between tradition and novelty played into his constantly evolving media image.


Download Making War In The Name Of God PDF

Making War In The Name Of God

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Publisher : Kensington Publishing Corp.
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ISBN 10 : 9780806531670
Pages : 320 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (316 downloads)

Download Making War In The Name Of God PDF Full Free by Christopher Catherwood and published by Kensington Publishing Corp.. This book was released on 2008-10-01 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: From Islam declaring Jihad against the west, to Arab against Jew, to Catholic against Protestant, one question resonates with the global threat we face today: Why does God inspire the killing of Man? Renowned historian Christopher Catherwood vividly recounts a saga of passion and prejudice that laid the foundation for our own troubled age. Beginning with the death in 632 of Muhammad--as much political leader and general as prophet--Islam commenced its breathtaking spread, which, under Muhammad's successors, eventually conquered an empire larger than Rome's. Even as this vast realm broke apart into Sunni and Shiite factions, the Christian retaliation--ruthlessly and unscrupulously unleashed in 1095 with the First Crusade--sparked a clash between East and West that continues to this day. The pattern would repeat itself again and again: with the Ottoman invasion of the Balkans, in which the same Islamic faith that had once been an institution of tolerance in places like Spain became an instrument of expansion; with the wars of the Reformation, when Catholic and Protestant slaughtered each other in the name of the Prince of Peace; and with the endless conflicts of today's Middle East, savagely fought over by three faiths that all worship the same God. Based on exhaustive research and written with an unflinching, unbiased eye toward revealing the often painful truth, Making War in the Name of God unveils humanity's ancient habit of sanctifying bloodshed--and exposes a past that we forget at our peril. Christopher Catherwood teaches history at Cambridge University in England and at the University of Richmond (Virginia). A fellow of the Royal Historical Society, he is the author of several acclaimed books, including Churchill's Folly: How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq, A God Divided: Understanding the Differences Between Islam, Christianity, and Judaism, and Whose Side Is God On?


Download Churchill on the Far East in the Second World War PDF

Churchill on the Far East in the Second World War

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Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781137363954
Pages : 265 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (639 downloads)

Download Churchill on the Far East in the Second World War PDF Full Free by C. Wilson and published by Springer. This book was released on 2014-08-05 with total page 265 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Cat Wilson brings together two strands of historical scholarship: Churchill's work as a historian and the history of WWII in the Far East. Examining Churchill's portrayal of the British Empire's war against Japan, as set down in his memoirs, it ascertains whether he mythologised wartime Anglo-American relations to present a 'special relationship'.


Download Oblivion Or Glory PDF

Oblivion Or Glory

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Publisher : Yale University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780300234046
Pages : 288 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (34 downloads)

Download Oblivion Or Glory PDF Full Free by David Stafford and published by Yale University Press. This book was released on 2019-09-10 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An engaging and original account of 1921, a pivotal year for Churchill that had a lasting impact on his political and personal legacy After the tragic consequences of his involvement in the catastrophic Dardanelles Campaign of World War I, Churchill's political career seemed over. He was widely regarded as little more than a bombastic and unpredictable buccaneer until, in 1921, an unexpected inheritance heralded a series of events that laid the foundations for his future success. Renowned Churchill scholar David Stafford delves into the statesman's life in 1921, the year in which his political career revived. From his political negotiations in the Anglo-Irish treaty that created the Irish Free State to his tumultuous relationship with his "wild cousin" Clare Sheridan, sculptor of Lenin and subject of an MI5 investigation, this broad account explores the nuances of Churchill's private and public lives. This is an engaging portrait of this overlooked yet pivotal year in the great man's life.


Download Churchill and the Islamic World PDF

Churchill and the Islamic World

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781786739858
Pages : 392 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (398 downloads)

Download Churchill and the Islamic World PDF Full Free by Warren Dockter and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2015-03-20 with total page 392 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Winston Churchill began his career as a junior officer and war correspondent in the North West borderlands of British India, and this experience was the beginning of his long relationship with the Islamic world. Overturning the widely-accepted consensus that Churchill was indifferent to, and even contemptuous of, matters concerning the Middle East, this book unravels Churchill's nuanced understanding of the edges of the British Empire. Warren Dockter analyses the future Prime Minister's experiences of the East, including his work as Colonial Under-Secretary in the early 1900s, his relations with the Ottomans and conduct during the Dardanelles Campaign of 1915-16, his arguments with David Lloyd- George over Turkey, and his pragmatic support of Syria and Saudi Arabia during World War II.Challenging the popular depiction of Churchill as an ignorant imperialist when it came to the Middle East, Dockter suggests that his policy making was often more informed and relatively progressive when compared to the Orientalist prejudices of many of his contemporaries.


Download Sculpture and Archaeology PDF

Sculpture and Archaeology

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781351549639
Pages : 240 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (496 downloads)

Download Sculpture and Archaeology PDF Full Free by Andrew Jones and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-07-05 with total page 240 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In recent years the intersections between art history and archaeology have become the focus of critical analysis by both disciplines. Contemporary sculpture has played a key role in this dialogue. The essays in this volume, by art historians, archaeologists and artists, take the intersection between sculpture and archaeology as the prelude for analysis, examining the metaphorical and conceptual role of archaeology as subject matter for sculptors, and the significance of sculpture as a three-dimensional medium for exploring historical attitudes to archaeology.


Download Rocket and Lightship: Essays on Literature and Ideas PDF

Rocket and Lightship: Essays on Literature and Ideas

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Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
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ISBN 10 : 9780393243475
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (434 downloads)

Download Rocket and Lightship: Essays on Literature and Ideas PDF Full Free by Adam Kirsch and published by W. W. Norton & Company. This book was released on 2014-11-17 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A collection of essays from a “great poet-critic-intellectual” (Daily Beast). Adam Kirsch has been described as "elegant and astute…[a] critic of the very first order" (Michiko Kakutani, New York Times). In these brilliant, wide-ranging essays, published over the last eight years in the New Republic, The New Yorker, and elsewhere, Kirsch shows how literature can illuminate questions of meaning, ethics, and politics, and how those questions shape the way we take pleasure in art. In Rocket and Lightship he examines the work and life of writers past and present, from intellectuals Susan Sontag, Hannah Arendt, and Walter Benjamin to novelists including E. M. Forster, David Foster Wallace, and Zadie Smith. Kirsch quotes G. M. Hopkins: "Nor rescue, only rocket and lightship, shone." So shines literature, in these unflinchingly bold and provocative essays—as an illuminating, regenerative, and immortalizing force.


Download What Is Happening in Iraq? PDF

What Is Happening in Iraq?

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Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
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ISBN 10 : 9781462804917
Pages : 113 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (49 downloads)

Download What Is Happening in Iraq? PDF Full Free by Munaf Yassiri and published by Xlibris Corporation. This book was released on 2006-03-23 with total page 113 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What is Happening in Iraq? The ABC of the Current Situation in Iraq. Since the American-British invasion on March 21, 2003, Iraq has been in turmoil. The Iraqi peoples suffering under the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein has now been extended by the remnants of his regime. The Saddam Baathists have currently embraced openly the al-Qaeda Wahhabi terrorists ostensibly to fight the occupation forces, but, for the most part, they have in fact joined forces to intimidate and terrorize the Shiite population who constitute the majority of Iraqis. They are trying by all brutal means to prevent the establishment of a true democracy reflecting the will of the majority of the population.


Download Cairo 1921 PDF

Cairo 1921

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Publisher : Yale University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780300262438
Pages : 277 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (624 downloads)

Download Cairo 1921 PDF Full Free by C. Brad Faught and published by Yale University Press. This book was released on 2022-07-26 with total page 277 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The first comprehensive history of the 1921 Cairo Conference which reveals its enduring impact on the modern Middle East Called by Winston Churchill in 1921, the Cairo Conference set out to redraw the map of the Middle East in the wake of the First World War and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. The summit established the states of Iraq and Jordan as part of the Sherifian Solution and confirmed the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine—the future state of Israel. No other conference had such an enduring impact on the region. C. Brad Faught demonstrates how the conference, although dominated by the British with limited local participation, was an ambitious, if ultimately unsuccessful, attempt to move the Middle East into the world of modern nationalism. Faught reveals that many officials, including T. E. Lawrence and Gertrude Bell, were driven by the determination for state building in the area to succeed. Their prejudices, combined with their abilities, would profoundly alter the Middle East for decades to come.


Download Oil and the Creation of Iraq PDF

Oil and the Creation of Iraq

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781317272908
Pages : 210 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (729 downloads)

Download Oil and the Creation of Iraq PDF Full Free by David E. McNabb and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-04-14 with total page 210 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Off to the sidelines of the brutal western front of World War I was a nasty little campaign by British and India troops sent to secure Persian oil fields. Explaining what and how this happened in the early decades of the twentieth century goes beyond being just another history of a distant campaign in the 1914 to 1918 war. The highs and lows of what many British military planners in London considered to be a minor campaign in a distant theatre of operations proved to be a long, costly conflict the results of which still influence events today. Oil and the Creation of Iraq describes how the policies of allied military leaders of the time resulted in pushing the Ottoman government into partnership with Germany and Austria during World War I, resulting in its disintegration and loss of its Middle Eastern territories. The book then describes how the political and economic aims of the nations involved in the Mesopotamian campaign influenced the fighting and subsequent creation of Iraq, a new nation with few defensible boundaries, but one sitting atop an almost inexhaustible supply of oil and gas.